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Dry goods | FCL (non-dangerous goods) seaborne export process(4)

AUTHOR: TIME:2023-02-23 15:10:21CLICK:11

5. possible situations

 1. The cargo was dumped due to the shipowner’s violent cabin

⑴ The shipowner always, out of his own consideration, confirms a few more spaces to the booking forwarder when booking, in order to prevent the shipper from returning the load and causing the loss of the voyage when the voyage is not full. The tank was not dumped until the tank could not be carried after the tank was burst.

(2) After the cabin storm, the shipowner promptly notified the company's route supervisor that the container was dumped. Under normal circumstances, shipowners will entrust a customs broker to do the reloading. Each shipowner has different requirements, depending on the specific situation.

⑶OP to the document department to reprint the new 6, 7, and 8 copies and packing list according to the new ship name and voyage.

⑷After arranging the new 6,7,8 joints, use the old 8 joints to the dock to replace the old 6,7 joints

⑸Use the new 6, 7, 8 to cover the entry chapter

⑹Finally, the old 6, 7 and the new 6, 7, 8 will be reloaded together.

2. After the cargo cover is declared, change the data again

After the declaration seal is completed, it is generally not allowed to change the data again. If any change is required, a letter of guarantee with the official seal of the forwarder should be presented, indicating the shipper, bill of lading number, vessel name and voyage, sailing date and new and old data.

3. The shipping agent has already intercepted the load, and the goods are in urgent need of export

Issue a loading guarantee letter (stamped with the official seal of the freight forwarder) to the shipping agent, which will be handled by the customs broker, which can arrange, declare, and declare at the same time.

4. The cargo exceeds the weight limit of the destination port and cannot enter the site

Issue a letter of guarantee to the shipowner stating that all consequences shall be borne by the freight forwarder and affixed with the official seal of the forwarder.

5. The port of departure and the pick-up location are in two different areas on the island or off the island.

This has a vital impact on the cost of the tow truck, pay attention to generating new tolls for crossing the road.

6. The container has entered the market, but due to special reasons it is necessary to leave the market in heavy containers

After entering the terminal, the heavy container must be moved out of the terminal for processing and re-enter the terminal for export, or moved to another terminal for export. The relevant instructions of the shipper/trailer company, customs inspection and release information, and the re-arranged consignment note must be provided. After the joint, go to the shipping agency to go through the procedures for relocation of the heavy containers.

       1. What is a bill of lading

 1. The bill of lading refers to a document used to prove the contract for the carriage of goods by sea and that the goods are taken over or shipped by the carrier, and the carrier guarantees the delivery of the goods. It is the proof of delivery by the consignee.

2. The contents of the bill of lading:

① Ship name and voyage

② Bill of lading number

③ Name of carrier

④ Shipper

⑤ Consignee

⑥ Notifier

⑦ Loading port, unloading port, transshipment port

⑧ The name, logo, packaging, number of pieces, weight, and volume of the goods

⑨ Terms of payment of freight

⑩ Date, place and number of copies of the bill of lading

*** The most important thing is the signature or seal of the carrier or its authorized person

2. Examination

 1. Checking and modifying the bill of lading must be done before the time specified by the shipowner to avoid unnecessary bill modification fees.

2. The issuance of bill of lading or telex must be handled by the shipowner or the designated shipping agent. At the same time, the eighth copy and the relevant guarantee, as well as the bank payment memo for the payment of each item must be prepared (issue the guarantee for advance loan purchase and payment) The converging party can pay the sea freight (USD). At the same time, an invoice for the paid expenses can also be issued against the water bill and handed over to the financial accounting.

3. take orders, telex, SEAWAYBILL

 1. First, you should go to the customs broker in time to retrieve the eighth sheet with the dock seal after the release.

2. Use the fourth copy to go to the ship to pay the document fee, if it is prepaid, when the freight has been paid by the shipper, the water bill (this city’s original, non-local copy can be a copy but a freight forwarding guarantee is required) and the fourth page to issue a freight invoice.

3. Receiving orders (referring to the MASTER B/C)

① To receive the bill of lading is to take the eighth copy and the document fee invoice, and the freight invoice (business copy) to issue the bill of lading to the shipping agent

② If the content of the bill of lading is different from the information on the eighth page or some special content (such as non-wood packaging shown on the B/L, ALSO NOTFY CLEAN BOARD) and shipping certificate, etc. on the bill of lading, the shipper must be asked to submit the original letter of guarantee. , And let the shipowner confirm the agreement, plus the forwarding guarantee to sign the bill of lading.

③ If the shipper permits the format of the guarantee provided by the backlogged bill of lading to be in the format prescribed by the foreign agency, the shipowner must confirm and agree with the forwarder's guarantee.

Note: The time to receive the bill of lading should wait until the ship has sailed. The chief mate's receipt (seventh copy) will be issued by the shipowner after verification by the ship agent. It usually takes half a day after the ship has sailed, but if the shipowner can do so If the bill of lading is issued, the letter of guarantee can be changed after the ship sails, as long as the owner's.

4. Electric discharge

When the cargo is loaded on the ship and the shipping company issues a bill of lading, the consignee must produce a duly endorsed original bill of lading (when the port of unloading is changed or under other special circumstances, a full set of original bill of lading is usually required ) (Note: This is the nature of the bill of lading as a returned security, that is, the realization of the request for delivery on the bill of lading must be based on the return of the bill of lading), and all the fees payable must be paid before the delivery order (DeliveryOrder) can be obtained at the port of discharge. , D/O), pick up the goods.

When the consignee cannot obtain the bill of lading in time, it is usually the consignee who exchanges the guarantee for the bill of lading and then picks up the goods (Note: Please distinguish between the "guarantee" concept usually used in shipping practice and the "guarantee" concept in the guarantee law). However, the shipping company cannot use the letter of guarantee against the third party (the real consignee who holds the bill of lading), because the bill of lading is the document by which the carrier guarantees the delivery of the goods. The terms of delivery of the goods to the person named in the bill of lading, or delivery of the goods in accordance with the instructions of the instructor, or delivery of the goods to the holder of the bill of lading constitute the carrier’s guarantee for the delivery of the goods.

In order to enable the consignee to pick up the goods in time when the bill of lading cannot be obtained in time and the shipping company is unwilling to deliver the goods on the basis of the letter of guarantee, the practice of "electric release" has been produced in practice. What people usually call "tele-release" is a narrow concept, that is, the shipper (consignor) sends the full set of original bills of lading issued by the carrier (or its agent) to the carrier (or its agent) after loading the goods on the ship. Agent) and designate the consignee (in the case of non-registered bill of lading); the carrier authorizes (usually notified by telex, telegram, etc.) its agent at the port of discharge, and the consignee does not issue the original bill of lading (Recovered) delivery of the goods.

 Therefore, the legal principle of "tele-release" is: when the carrier issues a bill of lading, the goods can be delivered (or a bill of lading is issued) when the bill of lading is received. Since the carrier takes back the bill of lading at a place other than the delivery of the goods (the port of unloading) (usually at the port of loading), as it is a special case, it takes back the full set of original bills of lading. However, currently there is no definition of "electric discharge" in relevant international conventions, national laws (such as China's maritime law) and regulations.

For tele-discharge, the shipper shall provide a written application or letter of guarantee. When the original bill of lading has been issued, a full set of original bill of lading shall be collected before tele-discharging can be done.

5. SEAWAYBILL: Basically equivalent to telex, but not every port of destination is allowed to do SEAWAYBILL. (No fee is generally required) * With the eighth copy, the invoice for the document fee, and the ocean freight invoice (attachment), the owner’s original letter of guarantee shall be added to the shipowner to apply for the delivery of the shipowner’s teledischarge notice.

4. Dunning:

 1: Invoice settlement: Invoice settlement customers should abide by the principle of issuing bills upon payment

2: Monthly settlement: monthly settlement customers can directly place orders to customers after sailing.